On December 3, 2020, Chinese President Xi Jinping announced that China has accomplished its poverty reduction goal for the new era on schedule, lifting its entire rural population out of extreme poverty according to the current national poverty line. As of March 2020, over 2.9 million officials from governments, State-owned enterprises and public institutions above the township level were deployed to impoverished areas to help in the fight against poverty. The poverty alleviation campaign has transferred the largest number of officials to rural localities since China adopted the reform and opening-up policy in the late 1970s. These officials have played a significant role in invigorating rural communities and boosting development, while substantially altering rural governance patterns. In the post-poverty alleviation era, it will still be difficult to enhance the internal growth momentum of the rural economy, improve the quality, efficiency and competitiveness of agriculture, and most importantly, prevent rural residents from becoming impoverished again.