China is home to 66 provincial demarcation lines and 849 cities and counties on both sides, occupying 47.9 percent of the national area.
China is home to 66 provincial demarcation lines and 849 cities and counties on both sides, occupying 47.9 percent of the national area. Official statistics show that there are 14 impoverished regions nationwide, 10 of which are located in marginal zones. These areas, usually far from provincial capitals, are largely neglected by local governments in terms of economic development, and they are not included in the overall development plan of higher authorities. Provincial governments prefer to invest in industries and areas where it is easy to yield quick and high profits in key cities, meaning that trade frictions, vicious competition and regional protectionism abound in marginal regions. In May 2019, Shanxi, Shaanxi and Henan provinces in central China partnered to develop the area where the three provinces meet, starting with building a comprehensive university. It is expected to give full play to their unique advantages and create a combined force to drive regional integration and prosperity.